Senior Phase

In the senior phase, the focus shifts to better social skills, higher academic requirements, and better use of free time. Learners are also prepared for the world of work. If a learner shows talent for a specific work task, Thuthukani may assist to get the learner placement at a technical school or SETA. (SETA - Sector Educational Training Authority: these are government supported, institution based, practical training academies where job specific skills are taught to entry level workers.) Our learners are sometimes integrated into or placed at businesses doing jobs such as packing, cleaning or general assistance work.

Self Help
Table Habits and Dining: The easiest outcome is that the learner can dish up for himself and others safely and without messing. This is graded to also including ordering in a restaurant, cooking a simple balanced meal for himself, and cooking a simple balanced meal for 2 to 4 people (with help in planning.)
Toilet and Grooming: The learner is expected to care for his nails and hair independently, clean the bathroom and toilet, do personal washing, choose clothing for specific weather conditions and for outings. He should also be able to fold and put away his own clothing. Girls are taught to care for themselves during menstruation and boys are taught to shave.
Health and Hygiene: Basic safety rules are taught, including water safety and treating superficial injuries. Learners are also taught about pregnancy, birth control, HIV/Aids, and the importance of protected sex.
Home Management: Learners are expected to look after their own room and belongings, wash dishes, shop for basic items at a supermarket, draw money with assistance and grow a vegetable garden.

Functional Academics
Language: The requirements are that the learner should be able to relate more of his own personal information, including that of his guardian. He should be able to remember and relay a message correctly after longer intervals. Learners are taught to ask for assistance from a stranger in an acceptable manner and to answer a telephone correctly and professionally. Learners should be able to participate in group discussions.
Money: Learners practice reading price tags, identifying money, counting out the correct amounts, making change and drawing money from an ATM. They learn to do simple budgeting.
Reading and Writing: Learners read and write numbers up to 100, write their own name and address, read labels on packages to identify items inside, complete the main items on an application form, use a telephone directory, copy a paragraph, follow a simple recipe and complete a thank you note, invitation and birthday card.
Time and Measurements: Concepts of measurement and time are taught to enable the learner to measure, using tools and to and tell time. He is then expected to use the skill in practical tasks, such as arranging an activity.

Socialisation
Social Courtesies and Relationships: The learners are taught to display good manners and appropriate behaviours when meeting and interacting with familiar persons and strangers. Learners are taught to care for a pet. Appropriate behaviour in different social settings is also taught.
Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication: Learners are expected to carry out 3 instructions in order, repeat a story, use a public telephone or cell phone, have a conversation on a familiar topic with a friend and a stranger and to react appropriately to non-verbal expressions of another person.

Occupation
Leisure Activities: The learners are expected to participate in different activities, including music, dancing, games, hobbies, arts & crafts and competitive or non-competitive sport. Higher expectations include that the learner knows how to spend his free time, participate in chosen activities on a regular basis and how to become an active member of a club or organisation.
Prevocational Skills: These skills include knowing and using basic tools and equipment found in and around the home, basic sewing/mending, maintaining pot plants or garden, washing a car inside and outside, cleaning and tidying a room methodically, painting a wall or other work-related activities.

Notes: The Self Help, Socialisation and Occupation requirements remain the same as in the Intermediate phase and are still practiced and reinforced, but the focus will also be shifting from the home environment to the community and work environment. Other work related tasks and skills are also taught in class to expose the learners to different situations, for example hair dressing, beading, hand sewing, wire car making, car washing, crochet, shoe making, candle making and shoemaking using crochet for the tops.